Agoraphobia is the fear of places where it would be difficult to find help and security if anything happened and not the fear of the place as such.
Among the most common phobias, agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder very often related to the anxiety attack. Although it affects less than one in 50 people, it is often under-treated while solutions exist.
The fear of public places in general
Often mistakenly thought of as the fear of the crowd, agoraphobia is above all the fear of frequenting spaces from which one can not escape or be easily rescued. The agoraphobe fears having to find himself in a place where he will be in difficulty. It is the fear of being unable to be rescued or helped in a place more than the place itself. In the same person, phobogenic places are often multiple.
With the evolution of the phobic disease, "avoidance behaviors" appear and the agoraphobe has difficulties increasingly important to frequent closed places such as subway, public transport, shopping centers, cinema, the plane or the elevator.
An uncontrolled anxiety
Agoraphobia and "panic attacks", also known as "anxiety attacks", are closely linked. The agoraphobic feels the fear of having a panic attack. Anxiety appears when you feel trapped, suffocated, or threatened in a busy place. Sometimes even before, when the person imagines only getting on a train or a plane for example.
Tremors, breathing difficulties, sweating, tachycardia, or vertigo invade the agoraphobic, which thinks of only one thing: to escape. This fear becomes more and more important and creates a real handicap in everyday life.
Behavioral therapy to help agoraphobia
Like all other anxiety disorders, agoraphobia is treated by psychotherapy based on imaginative exercises of distressing situations, then by a concrete situation. This type of behavioral therapy is a success in 80% of cases!
A healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet, a regular sleep, the eviction of coffee, alcohol or stimulating substances, also contribute to the reduction of anxiety and panic attacks. Only a comprehensive care in the long term can feel free again and soothe his suffering.