Different governments are working to encourage doctors to settle in medical deserts. But despite these incentives, few practitioners come to fill the missing areas.
In order to assess the medical deficiencies of the French territory, a new allocation zoning has been drawn. Result, 46% of the hexagon appears or may be in shortage of doctors. Several criteria define the limits: age of the inhabitants, volume of activity of the doctors, age of the practitioners and time of access by the road to the generalist.
The purpose of this card is to make doctors aware of the national shortcomings while encouraging them to settle there. Indeed, the more the area is abandoned, the more the doctor will be helped on his arrival. The installation aids can reach 50 000 €. A practitioner coming to work full time will get € 25,000 upon arrival and the same amount a year later.
To alert citizens and professionals, the map is based on a binary typology. If we remove the regions where the means are sufficient, two categories stand out: the "complementary action zones" (maintain if not improve an already precarious situation) and the "priority intervention zones" (in total shortage). The Vendée symbolizes the abandonment of certain territories.
The new map now shows a Vendée where 50% of the department is in priority intervention zone, against 25% on the last map dating from 2012. To locate, 20% of the population of Loire-Atlantique are concerned by this aid. The other neighbors in Mayenne and Sarthe are 99% concerned. The lack is such that a single installation aid will not suffice.
A proposed law will be presented on January 18 to the National Assembly, by the mayenne MP Guillaume Garot, to fight against the immense shortage.