A study by the Health Insurance shows the increasingly frequent declaration of psychological disorders (depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress), which are recognized 7 times more often as occupational diseases. Women and employees in contact with the public are the first victims.
In 2016, more than 10,000 cases of psychological disorders (depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, burn out) were recognized as an accident at work, for an estimated cost of 230 million euros, reveals the Health Insurance in a study "Health work: stakes and actions", made public this Tuesday.
A five-year increase in work-related psychosocial disorders, even as the number of work-related accidents of other kinds decreases.
In addition, 596 mental disorders were recognized as occupational diseases in the same year, a number which, although marginal, has increased five-fold in five years.
The study also reveals that the number of suicides recognized as an accident at work oscillates between 10 and 30 annually.
An increase in the proportion of mental disorders
The occupational accidents and diseases branch of the Health Insurance has studied the medical certificates of the 626,000 work accidents recognized in 2016. Among them, about 10,000 (or 1,6% against 1% in 2011) concerned mental disorders. (anxiety disorders, sleep disorders, depression, burn-out, post-traumatic stress disorder ...).
More and more insureds are asking for recognition of their mental illness as an occupational disease (1100 in 2016 versus 200 in 2012), which reinforces the increase. The recognition of an industrial accident makes it possible to receive daily allowances greater than those perceived for simple illness, without limit of duration.
Two main triggers
These accidents can be caused by a work-related external trigger event, such as an assault, a robbery, an attack ... But they can also be indicative of intrinsically difficult working conditions (altercation violent with a superior ...).
The recognition of psychic disorders for work-related accidents is based on the medical certificate describing the accident and its circumstances.
In total, the cost of care for psychic disorders related to work amounts to 230 million in 2016 euros for the branch of occupational accidents and diseases of the Health Insurance. An amount to put into perspective with regard to what other diseases cost, such as low back pain (1 billion) and musculoskeletal disorders (800 million).
Women and primary employees concerned
People affected by work-related mental disorders are on average 40 years old, and for the majority of employees, even if proportionally the executives are more affected.
In 60% of cases, these are women, because of their overrepresentation in certain professions that expose them to greater exposure to psychosocial-related risks.
The duration of work-related accidents for mental illness is on average much longer (112 days) than for work-related accidents in general (65 days).
Toxicity of contact with the public
The medico-social sector alone accounts for 20% of psychic disorders recognized as an accident at work, whereas it employs 10% of employees. Transportation (15% of psychic disorders) and retail trade (13%) are also strongly represented.
These three sectors have in common to be in contact with the public, according to the Health Insurance.
The psychic conditions that have been recognized as occupational diseases are primarily depressions (77%), then anxiety disorders (11%), post-traumatic stress disorder (10%), and other disorders. mental and behavioral problems.
Medicare, which carried out this assessment in order to identify the most affected sectors and employees to guide the preventive measures. It invites companies to strengthen their actions to prevent psychosocial risks in this context and encourages employees to turn to their staff representatives to obtain claims declarations.