Whether it is called a pump or, as sportsmen, cravings, it is simply a well-known medical phenomenon: hypoglycemia, that is to say, too low a sugar level in the blood. Almost everyone has suffered, or will suffer in his life from hypoglycemia. Fortunately, not in its major form, because it is an extremely uncomfortable feeling and, what is more, sometimes dangerous.
Our brain is a very big consumer of energy, therefore of sugar. It's easy to understand when you think of the enormity of the tasks he has to manage to make our body work. What's more, the body rightly sees it as a priority ... Also, as soon as he feels the fuel is going to fail dangerously, he'll be the first to express his dissatisfaction. Rather violently ... By secreting hormones, not particularly cool, adrenaline and norepinephrine, which are the stress hormones. They are responsible for preparing the body for danger.
In the case of the helm, hypoglycemia, it is the same process that occurs: these hormones prepare the brain for the worst ...
If nothing is done, the cascade of reactions is impressive:
- It is the mood that is manifested by an unexplained sense of anger and brutally inappropriate behavior.
- "Mist" begins to invade the brain: we feel unable to think, reason or focus on something simple.
- The reaction functions begin to deteriorate: speech becomes difficult, walking impossible.
At this stage, we must urgently sit down and act if we can, that is, eat sugar.
The entourage, fortunately, realized that something abnormal is happening, especially since the hypoglycemic resembles someone who was brought down in the cage with big cats, which It is not necessarily a bad comparison, since these hormones are those that prepare the body for danger: sweat, tremor, vertigo, pallor, are there to show the state of discomfort.
It is in case of non-reaction (fortunately, the feeling of hunger is there to guide a little diagnosis) that the rest of the story can become dramatic. A deep hypoglycemia can indeed be complicated by fainting, then epileptic seizure and coma.
Fortunately, a change in eating habits such as the one I advocate never results in this, unlike some draconian hypocaloric diets ... However, do not turn a deaf ear to a stroke pump.
What to do ?
Diabetics, who know this sensation well, always have a piece of sugar on them. This can be a good solution for those who will discover the joys of physical exercise, while eating a little less. I would add the piece of bread relief, when we know that the session will be greater than one hour.
If the stroke occurs outside the context of physical activity, and if it is in the home, it is smart to predict the antidote. Surimi sticks even seem to have been invented for this. Those who do not like the taste of fish may have in reserve slices of turkey fillet or chicken, easy to consume and not much fatter than fish.
At worst, if you wait too long, the magic piece of sugar remains. Avoid, as is often advisable, the handle of dried fruits or nuts; or a whole series of biscuits, drinks, pasta anti "pump stroke", which is not better than a piece of bread, but not particularly cheap. Past the unpleasant feeling, it will quickly eat one of the foods mentioned above.
The numbers of sugar in the blood
The normal blood sugar level is measured with a very simple test called blood sugar:
- Under 1 gram 10 per literyou can rest easy
- Between 1.10 and 1.25 g, this is called a pre-diabetic condition that needs to be carefully checked.
- Above 1 gram 25it is diabetes.
It is necessary to be fast for this blood test, because, of course, the sugar that one eats disturbs the results; just like physical exercise in the other direction. This is also a classic of those who want a normal blood test. Many spend themselves in the hours before ... However, all this is no longer possible with a new indicator of our blood, the HB1C, sometimes also called glycated hemoglobin. It gives information on the average level of sugar that has been in the blood for 3 months while the blood glucose is only a one-off measure, once at a given moment, and that the cheater can reduce punctually by starting fasting two days before the exam or doing a lot of sports. To put it simply: blood glucose is the photo; HB1C, the film.
What are the normal values ?
- Between 4 and 6.
- We are diabetic above 7 ...
In practice, the symptoms of hypoglycemia appear below 0.60 or even 0.80 grams per liter.