If treated well during pregnancy gestational diabetes does not pose a risk to the baby. But after giving birth, it increases the risk of type 2 diabetes in women, as well as the probability of developing cardiovascular disease.
Diabetes during pregnancy, or "gestational diabetes" can put the baby's life at risk. But after giving birth, it can be especially dangerous for the mother.
This diabetes generally occurs towards the end of the second trimester of pregnancy, sometimes, it disappears after the pregnancy, sometimes, on the contrary, it reveals the existence of an unrecognized diabetes until then.
English researchers have shown that there is a link between diabetes during pregnancy and the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and, ultimately, type 2 diabetes well after childbirth.
20 times more likely to have type 2 diabetes
The results of this study were published on the website of The Public Library of Science. Scientists have relied on data from the UK health system. Among those present in these files, 9,000 women diagnosed with pregnancy diabetes between February 1, 1990 and May 15, 2016. The researchers used a sample of 37,281 non-diabetic women to verify their results.
They are 20 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and 2.8 times more likely to have coronary artery disease. They are also twice as likely to be prone to hypertension.
In their research, these English scientists realized that few controls were done after pregnancy on type 2 diabetes or cardiovascular risk.
In France, gestational diabetes affects 8% of pregnant women in 2012, compared to 3.8% in 2004.